How to use a best gravel vacuum to clean the tank?
Step 1: Prepare your suppliesIn order to start cleaning your tank, you should prepare two items: The best aquarium gravel vacuum (or an aquarium siphon, gravel cleaner) and anything you have to collect the water such as a plastic bucket placed next to the aquarium.
Step 2: Prepare your tankYou do not need to take your fish out of the tank because this process can make them more stressful than vacuuming the water under them. Instead, you should take any tank decorations that you have, because the waste tends to be contained underneath them. The best aquarium gravel will not hurt your fishes.
Step 3: VacuumingBasically, this process uses gravity to stuck water and debris out of the tank. Leave the hose of the siphon inside the bucket. Then submerging all the tubes inside the tank and let it fill by water. After it is filled, lift the tube out of the tank for the water run through the hoses into your bucket. When the water has receded about halfway done, submerging it completely into the water again. At that time, the water will run into the bucket automatically. You need to point downwards the tube at the tank bottom to vacuum the gravel and remove all the debris. You should remove about 25% of the water in the tank at once time.
Best Chicken Coops: Pets Imperial Double Savoy VS. Petsfit Weatherproof Outdoor Chicken Coop
#1 Durability and SafetyThe most important function of the best backyard chicken coop is that it has to keep your chicken safe and protect the chicken from outside danger such as predator, the water elements, and disease. Pets Imperial coop has been built to last for a long time. It is made of animal friendly treated timber, which ensures the wood does not rot and totally non-toxic for your chicken. This coop also includes the plastic caps on the feet to prevent rotting. Moreover, this coop is also designed with an elevation. This will prevent the ingress of some predators, which often dig holes to come through the ground into the coop. If you are looking for a coop that can last for very long and really durable, so Petsfit could be a great option for you. This is made from solid wood, which is waterproof very durable. The roof that keeps the external elements from weather away from chicken is important for the health of your flock.
#2 Spacious SpaceEnsure that the coop will have enough space for your flock. Crowing can lead to some social problems for your chicken. There is the rule that every single chicken should have at least 3 square feet inside the coop and 10 square feet outside. Pets Imperial Double Savoy measure 4ft 9"(W)x 3ft 3"(D)x 3ft 1"(H). It is enough space to keep about 6-10 chicken depends on their size and breed. It also includes two nest boxes with 6 compartments and four perches. Petsfit is the combination of coop and nesting boxes. The coop can fit with 3-4 normal grown-up chicken. And the nesting box can contain 2 hens.
Why Should You Purchase On Merax Chicken Coop?
#1 Spaciously DesignedThe dimensions of Merax chicken coop are 59L x 22W x 33H inches. This size of coop provides your chicken enough space to walk around and also a large space to nest in. You can keep for about 4 to 5 adult chickens in this best backyard chicken coop. The upper part of the coop is the indoor resting room for your poultry. The under part is open space but also be surrounded by the steel mesh. This is offered your chicken the ground running area. These two parts of this coop are linked by a built-in ramp.
#2 DurabilityMerax chicken coop is durable construction with cedar wood. This is designed to against weather elements. The cedar wood is coated with waterproof paint, which will protect your chickens are safe from rain and other harsh weather condition. Besides, cedar wood is a stable and durable material that will last for quite a long time.
#3 Easy to installIf you are concerned about installing the chicken coop, then Merax chicken coop is the option that easy to assemble. Whether you do not have any experience or you are not very skillful, you can easily succeed to install it. This coop also comes with the instruction that is easy to understand. Following these simple instructions, you can immediately assemble this coop after delivery.
#4 Extra nesting boxYou can easily and quickly take the eggs out with the extra nesting box. Simply open the box and you can easily access inside and take all the chicken eggs. Moreover, under the nesting box, there is the removable tray, which you can pull out. This will catch their droppings and allow you easy to clean.
Factor to consider when purchasing the chicken plucker
#1 CapacityThis process of plucking chickens may be messy. Especially when it is uneven weight and force distributions, the weak motor can be a failure. This is why capacity and size are the most important features to look for. Check the type of chickens that you will use with this device and how many chickens will you plan to pluck. These two things will determine the size and capacity of the plucker.
#2 SpeedIf you are looking for a product that works effectively in a short time, you should not check only the power of the machine, the number of rubber fingers also determiner the speed of this machine. The plucker with more fingers meant that they pluck feather faster than the less fingers one. Moreover, the stiffness of the plucking fingers also impact the effectiveness of the plucking process. We recommend you choose the product come with soft rubber fingers; the stiff fingers can bruise the chicken meat during de-feathering the chickens.
#3 DurabilityIt is needless to say that one of the critical things you must consider whenever you buying any products if the quality of them. The ideal material for chicken plucker is stainless steel. This material is known as their quality will last for a long time, it is durable and can prevent against rust and corrosion as well.
Buying Your Aquarium Fish From Fish Sold Near Me
What kind of these fish?The first thing you should ask the salesmen from fish sold near me is what the species of those fish. Each kind of fish will require different physical characteristics, habitat, and diet. If you are the beginner, ensure that the fish you choose is easy to keep. They should be inexpensive and very hardy to survive if you make a mistake. There are some kinds of fish that we recommend for a new owner: Platy, Cherry barbs, Endler’s guppy, cory catfish, molly.
What types of tank do they need?The salesmen should give you about the feature habitat of these fish, but if he is not, ask him. Some fish are live in freshwater some are living in saltwater. For example, Molly prefers to live in freshwater with slightly saline. So you will need to provide them a little bit of aquarium salt. These fish require a cool or warm temperature? If they are tropical fish, you will need to maintain a warm environment temperature of about 75-80 F degrees. The best aquarium starter kits that come with a thermometer or an aquarium heater are the best choice in this case.
How should you feed them?Most people forget or do not care about this problem when buying fish from fish store nearby. One of the best ways to help your fish acclimatizing the new habitat when you take them home is feeding your fish like the feeding routines of the shopkeeper. The feeding frequency will depend on the type of the fish you get. But generally, all fish can do well with just a meal per day. The baby fish will require to be fed more frequently.
Are you buying your fish in a highly reputable shop?You should ensure that you are dealing with a highly reputable fish stores around me. Badly fish store can give you the weak fish that might die within a few weeks.
What to consider when feeding chinchillas with hay?
#1 Can Chinchillas eat hay only for their diet?The only hay diet that means feeding your chinchilla nothing but fresh hay, no pellets, no cubes, no greens, and no other treats. Normally, you will be recommend to feed chinchillas with 75% hay, 20% pellets, 5% veggies/fruits and the small amount of treats within a few days in the daily diet. The fact that pellets for chinchillas are made of hay too, although they can contain added some others ingredients, vitamins and minerals. This is why many chinchilla owner believed that your pets could eat a hay only diet. However, there are some things have to consider about it. Some chinchillas love to eat pellets more than fresh hay. This is the good way to provide them with full of nutrients. Moreover, in the case if you’re unfortunate to get the bad hay with poor nutrient, then your chinchillas will become deficient. Pellets are safer choice. It should be the best treat for chinchillas.
#2 First cut vs second cut vs third cutMany chinchillas owner do not understand about the different between the first cutting, the second cutting, and the third cutting. The first cut is the first growth of hay of the year. It is only best to feed chinchillas if it’s harvested when the grass is immature. Otherwise, it may include more weeds. The first cut is also hard, coarse, indigestible fiber that makes the hay unpalatable. The second cut has the higher qulity that the first times. The stems will be finer and softer to eat. It also has the better percentage of leaves to stems. The second cut also contains have more protein and fat contents. The third cut is even softer and finer than the second cut. It also offers the hay with more leaves than steams. However, this time will provide the hay with lack of fiber, what make it not good for chinchillas
Why You Should Get The Snake Heat Pad?
Why do snakes need heat pad?As suggested above, snakes are cold-blooded animals. In the wild, snakes receive heat from their environment. This is why they often hide under the rock or underground in order to retain heat. Some species of them such as corn snakes also prefer to bask on the top rock and receive heat from direct sunlight. In captivity, you should provide them an alternative heat source to keep them warm. And snakes also require a cooler place to decrease their body temperature. This is where the heat pad comes to handle. The best reptile heating pad will create the gradient temperature inside your cage. Snakes need the heat source to maintain and improve their internal functions such as digesting food, excreting waste, respiration and immune system. If they do not get enough heat, snakes will become sluggish, unconscious, less active, or even dead.
Heat pad vs the other heat sourcesThere are many options for heat sources that can provide heat for your snake’s cage. The heat lamp is one of those options. This lamp will be placed on the top of the cage and emit the heat downs. The heat lamp will suitable for the snakes that love basking such as snakes. However, the heat lamp dries out the air in the cage so you should only use this device for the snacks that require a low level of humidity. Using heat lamp, you also have to turn off the lamp at night to avoid bother your snakes. One more method for heating the cage is using heater cable. This is the cable that wrapped around the bottom of the cage but this is easy to overheat your snakes. For all the cases, you are recommended to use the heat pat. You can provide your snakes with the constant and proper temperature for 24 hours without upset their day/night cycle since heat pad emit no light.
Japan on a Budget, Dirty Vagrant Style
My two favorite things in the world: pickles and free stuff. I’m helpless in the face of Japanese samples.
Gorge yourself on sushi and pay per plate (it’s worth it, I promise).
Okay, so I couldn’t afford to eat here, but the views alone were well worth the short train ride from Kyoto.
The best things in Japan are free.
Probably not best to rely on this sort of dough before planning your trip.
Confessions of a Dirty Vagrant
To Avoid Parasites; or: Parasites I Have Met
I am pretty safe and pretty careful while traveling, but somehow I can’t seem to avoid parasites. I’m a woman traveling alone, so I never walk by myself at night, I avoid creepy strangers, and I never travel without telling someone my whereabouts. Being careful is enough to avoid the big dangers. I just wish I could figure out how to escape the small dangers. (Never walk by myself through sewers, avoid creepy mosquito, never eat raw meat without telling someone my whereabouts?) Maybe it’s all the strange food I eat?
Just a fewhttps://dirtyvagrant.com/strange-foods/ weeks ago I got worms. Yuck, right? But the worms weren’t the worst part. The worst part was how I discovered I had them in the first place (please don’t press me for details – I’m still traumatized). I won’t even get into the time I acquired Hepatitis abroad, except to say that it wasn’t the kind that sticks with you forever (phew!), just the kind you get from unwittingly eating an infected person’s poop. No big deal. And then there was that time I got malaria, despite taking all conceivable (and a bunch of inconceivable) measures to avoid it. Again the malaria wasn’t the worst part, it was the fact that I was stuck living with a man named Bongo who insisted on washing my underwear and thought I should really sleep in his bed, for, ummm, my safety? Perhaps this is why I prefer to travel in the colder parts of the world.
1. Don’t be afraid to insist on seeing a doctor. I have hypochondria, certainly. Everyone knows that, so it is hard to be taken seriously. But when I finally insisted that I get to the doctor, it wasn’t just malaria, it was falciparum, the worse form of malaria. So even though your instincts are probably a little crazy because they are always telling you HOLY CRAP YOU ARE DYING, recognize that they can still be right sometimes. My motto: Just because I’m a hypochondriac doesn’t mean I can’t still get the bubonic plague. It hasn’t failed me yet.
2. Take the usual precautions. I hate wearing DEET, so I got some semi-permanent stuff to spray on my clothes and sleeping net. It didn’t work great, but it worked pretty well. I also used some barbecue-scented Swedish pine tar, which works nearly as well as DEET but makes you smell like a grilled hamburger forever. Of course, you can’t really beat DEET. Anti-malaria pills really do work, even if they have some crazy side effects. (Side effects of long term use: hallucination. On the 6th month, when my friend started hearing his dog talk in Barry White’s voice, that was probably a sign to stop.) Quinine is a natural anti-malarial with an interesting history, but it has just as many side effects, if not more, ranging from erectile dysfunction to temporary deafness (and you’d need a lot more than is in tonic water). See a doctor who specializes in travel medicine before and after your trip. They will be able to give you great advice on the risks specific to your destination.
3. Don’t hug dirty strangers, or wear shoes/clothes that you find on the street without disinfecting thoroughly first. There is a species of lice that only lives on clothing. Also, scabies! And bed bugs! And fungus, oh my!
Once upon a time, I hiked through the rain forest to a beautiful tropical river. As I waded through the rocks and enjoyed the little fish exfoliating my legs, one of my flip-flops broke. I could not hike back through the rain forest in bare feet; soldier ants are vicious creatures. I despaired of ever getting home alive. Then, miraculously, a pair of flip-flops came floating down the river out of nowhere (I guess it wasn’t so unusual, the river wasn’t exactly pure). I thought, ‘these must be clean, they’ve been washed in the river for who knows how long!’ Mistake. Turns out foot fungus is really easy to get and really hard to get rid of in a warm wet tropical country. It took two month and a heavy course of systemic anti-fungal pills before the thing would leave me alone.
4. Speaking of shoes, always wear shoes! For worms, there are many routes of entry into a human, but the most common is through the feet. These worms can crawl anywhere within 6 feet of human feces, and keep in mind hiking trails are low on public toilets. They live in nearly every tropical country. On the other hand, a worm infection suppresses the immune system, which can cure asthma, allergies, diabetes, arthritis, IBD, and MS. You win some, you lose some. (*do not construe this as medical advice! Eeeew!)
5. Water can be a problem in many places. You can splurge for the nice filter – or buy some inexpensive yet foul-tasting chlorine/iodine – but if you will mostly be drinking bottled water, you can get one of these inexpensive Life Straw in case of emergencies. You could drink water from a river, a lake, even a stagnant manure pond and still be fit as a fiddle with one of these.. If the water in your country of choice is OK but not great, go with one of these non-iodized filtering bottles. They are kind of difficult to suck water through, but it is worth the trouble if you don’t want to end up doubled over with stomach cramps.
But many places have an unjustly bad rap for their tap water. Find out if your destination does water testing or water treatment, you’d be surprised how many places have great tap water (often even better than the tap in the USA). Swimming and wading are questionable activities, find out if the body of water has been tested, and if the area is home to leaches (especially the dreaded Asian aquatic leach, who will swim into any orifice it can find). Salt water is usually safest.
6. Eat safe food. If you only eat things that are cooked, washed with purified water, or wrapped in thick skins, you will be fine. I never follow this rule, but I think if the rotten shark has been hanging in the open air for a six months without a single carrion bird touching it, it can’t be a good home for parasites either (or good food for me). Make sure your food is fully cooked, especially your pork. I just don’t eat pork when abroad. There are other meat options (you could even go veggie), and I don’t fancy getting a tapeworm–if its babies swim to your brain, they may cause serious permanent damage up there.
7. Don’t get an STD! Practice safe sex like never before! I don’t care if condoms don’t feel as good! Don’t get gonorrhea!
8. Sometimes, no matter what you do, you still get sick. Before I got malaria, I took my pills religiously, I slathered myself in fowl chemical concoctions, I used a sleeping net, and I even peed in jars to avoid going outside at night. I did things only a crazily paranoid person would do, and I still fell deathly ill. Sometimes you have to make peace with the fact that you will get sick if you travel to a new and more sickly country, and your weak, sheltered body may react far worse than the bodies of locals. Sometimes you find yourself outside at night. Sometimes your flip-flop breaks mid-hike. Sometimes you can’t take malaria pills for the duration of your stay. Since pulling out all the stops in Africa, I’ve been to malarial countries and not taken pills at all with no problems. With parasites, sometimes no matter what you do or don’t do, it is mostly out of your hands, so enjoy your stay while you are there instead of knocking yourself out with worry.
9. If you do get sick…
For diarrhea or vomiting, drink a ton of water. If you can’t keep it down very well, take it in slow sips. Broth is even better, the salts keep your electrolytes balanced. Bonus points if you can find some yogurt, kefir, cultured sour cream, live kombucha, sauerkraut, or other beneficial probiotic product. Also, eat raw garlic and raw onions while traveling as much as you can bear: they have antiseptic properties that kill bad stuff, and prebiotic properties that boost growth of good stuff. If it is serious and you are becoming dizzy from dehydration, don’t be a fool, see a doctor. While we appreciate your readership, don’t take our advice in lieu of advice from an actual doctor.
For skin infections, coolness and dryness help, but nothing beats medicine. For the ladies, if you can’t get medicine for a yeast infection, garlic and yogurt can help (either as a preventative eaten over a long period or time, or for immediate relieve applied topically). The same is true for thrush.For almost anything else, see a doctor for goodness sake.
Shit Tourists Say
After you’ve been in a foreign country for long enough, hearing English is a bit jarring. Even in large crowds, the English voices seem to stand out, and it’s hard not to overhear. Sometimes, a shared language is a great starting point to make friends with a fellow traveler, and if you overhear them sounding interesting, I would encourage you to do just that. Other times, you hear lame tourist shit like this:
1. “I want to see the REAL America/Thailand/Peru”
First, it’s all real. Second, no, you probably actually don’t, because real life is mundane beyond belief. You don’t travel in order to experience other people’s menial jobs and hang out at their strip-malls and watch them take their kids to school. You really want a tourist experience, but without all the other tourists, don’t you? Well get in line.
2. ”People who don’t travel aren’t experiencing life”
This statement is about as obnoxious as people who claim that those who don’t have children aren’t experiencing life, or that those who travel are running away from life. There are many, many life experiences, and you’re not getting all of them. I’ve never herded sheep, taken a prolonged vow of silence, built a boat, or lived in a redwood tree, though I’m sure there are people out there who find these to be life-affirming and essential experiences (and really, save for the vow of silence, they all sound pretty awesome to me). People who don’t travel are still experiencing life – they’re experiencing their own lives, on their own terms. It is not your place to tell them that the path you’ve chosen is more valid than the path they’ve chosen, even if you do feel the need to defend your strange nomadic lifestyle.
3. “Wow, this amazing experience I’m having right now really reminds me of <other country>, except it was ten times better and crazier” or “This amazing experience will make a great blog post/facebook post.”
It is hard to always live in the moment, but being in the moment is the only way to get the most out of travel. We’re guilty of these kind of thoughts, as is every traveler, but they still grate every time we hear them from someone else. Comparing someone else’s biggest tree ever with that time you went to the redwoods is a good way to devalue their experience and take the magic out of their memories. Only a jerk would want to do something like that.
4. [Insert broad, sweeping, usually BS generalization here]
I’ve had actual people tell me that you can find vending machines selling used panties on every street corner in Japan (false), that Italian men are all rapists because their culture doesn’t allow for women to say “no” (false), and that Scandinavians are fleeing their home countries en masse because Sharia Law is taking over in Denmark, Sweden, and Norway (false). To be fair, this is more frequently done by people who have not visited Japan, Italy, or Scandinavia, because anyone who has will immediately see how ludicrous these statements are. But sometimes people want to seem really knowledgeable so they run their mouths off in the hopes of impressing people. Don’t be one of those people!
5. “I like to travel like a local, not a tourist”
Usually uttered by people who who have no idea how to speak the local language and no interest in eating the local specialties. These are probably the loudest, most self-involved people you meet on the road. If they’re American, you’ll probably find them criticizing other Americans vociferously (actually, you’ll probably find them doing that regardless of their nationality).